Its the future, and cloud computing has taken us there. As many have painfully experienced, migration to the cloud is a long step-by-step journey, and having a detailed and organized cloud migration strategy will aid in the success of businesses moving to the cloud. In fact, most cloud migration failures are traced back to a bad cloud migration strategy.
If you are not sure where to start, here are 7 steps that can help prepare your business for its cloud migration to get you heading in the right direction.
1. Understand What is Cloud Migration
Cloud Migration is when a company moves some or all of its data center to the cloud. They usually to run on the cloud-based infrastructure provided by a cloud service provider such as AWS, Google, and Azure.
2. Make a Migration Check-List Take a Look at Your Team’s Strengths and Technical Expertise
The best place to start your cloud migration journey is by taking a good look at your team.
- What kind of programming languages used to build applications do they know?
- What kind of system does it take to run the applications? How many teams and members are on board?
- How frequently do releases happen?
- How mature is the team in its ability to adopt agile methodologies?
It would be best to keep what’s working for your teams to get rid of any outdated processes in preparation for your move to the cloud. Cloud migration requires training for all your teams so they will be able to adapt to the new operation and design principles of the cloud.
If possible, you may want to hire an external consult who has expertise with the help of various organizations through successful cloud migrations.
3. Migrate in Pieces
Taking a page from Netflix as an example, it can be a good practice to start small and go further into the cloud rather than making the jump all at once. With large applications, there are too many things that can go wrong.
It took 8 years for Netflix to completely migrate from on-site to the cloud. This is why it is reasonable to set your expectations lower. Less knowledgable organizations and more complex ones could take even longer.
4. Decide Which Cloud Solution To Choose, Public, Hybrid, Private
A public cloud provides service and infrastructure off-site through the internet. While public clouds offer better effectiveness, there are also higher security risks. Public clouds make the most sense for developing and testing application code, collaborating on projects, or you need extra capacity. Take steps to address security concerns in advance so that they don’t turn into expensive issues in the future.
A private cloud is on a private network. Its appeal is the absolute control over security and your system. Private clouds are the best option when your security the top priority. When the information to be stored contains sensitive data, a private cloud is a way to go. A private cloud is also the best choice if your company is in the business sector that must adhere to strict compliance or security standards.
A hybrid cloud is a combination of both public and private options. A hybrid cloud allows you to operate in the environment which best suits each need. The downside is managing different platforms and tracking many security infrastructures. For companies using a SaaS application wanting upgraded security, a hybrid cloud is the better choice.
5. Take Testing to the Cloud
You can’t test cloud applications using non-cloud testing approaches. Most modern applications run in a browser and testing their performance across various versions of browsers is a necessity.
Using a Selenium-based browser testing solution like Sauce Labs is a good way to go. These testing tools are cloud-based that allow you to upload your test script and execute the test in an online interface with the results delivered in an online dashboard. Beyond browsers, you’ll also need to test performance on many types of mobile devices which is much more complex.
6. Establish Security Policies When Migrating To The Cloud
Be aware of the related security and regulatory requirements before you begin your cloud migration. Depending on your business, there can be many regulations that you must follow when moving to the cloud.
Whether your company has HIPAA Compliance laws to follow, needs to protect financial data, or keep proprietary systems private, security must at the top of your migration checklist to address.
7. Communicate with Your Employees
Of course, you should not forget your employees when coming up with a cloud migration strategy. Older employees may not trust this unknown “cloud” and can be tough to convince. Be prepared to spend time teaching them about how this new setup will work and persuade them that they will not feel much of a difference.
Not everyone trusts the cloud. Those who are used to physical storage, in particular, may have difficulty getting on board. They – not the actual cloud service that you use – turn out to be more difficult migration challenges.
When coming up with your migration to cloud strategy, remember to consider these things into the plan. Otherwise, you may come across some additional issues that will make the task tougher or even slow down the entire migration.
If you’re still on the fence considering your next steps for a cloud migration strategy, the steps suggested above should help you move ahead.
A migration checklist is a foundation that will lead to your success and should be the very first step. Adding all the considerations mentioned above will aid you in constructing the best plan possible.
Cloud migration is not a simple task. Yet, when we understand and prepare for all of its possible challenges by creating a cloud migration strategy, you can migrate successfully. If you need advice, be sure to reach out.